This formula was made to honor a southern grandmother who was a firm believer that castor oil and pine would cure anything. She was on to something. Both ingredients remain popular anti-inflammatory options for chronic pains caused by arthritis, nerve inflammations, strained muscles, bruises and more. Suggested use: Apply topically as needed. Not to be used on broken skin. If pregnant, consult a doctor before using. Information on this label should not be used as medical advice. Ingredients: Pine resin^ (Pinus edulis), unrefined olive oil (Olea europea)*, unrefined coconut oil (Cocos nucifera)*, Utah beeswax (Cera Alba), castor oil (Ricinus communis)*, neem (Azadirachta indica)*, lavender (Lavandula anjustifolia)^*, aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis)*, essential oils (*Denotes organic, ^denotes wild crafted or organic) No artificial ingredients or fragrances, just pure plant power!